psychometrics

Extreme non-viable candidates and quota maneuvering in Brazilian legislative elections

This article explores the causes and consequences of extreme non-viable candidacies, also known as “laranja” (orange) candidacies in the Brazilian political lore. We first define and delineate what makes a candidate a laranja, engaging the …

Ideal Types

The ideal types constitute one of the most important methodological legacies from Max Weber (1864–1920). As Weber made clear, ideal types are essentially schemes of conceptualization that serve as methodological instruments for comparing, …